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文章作者:教育 上传时间:2019-04-21



  They also suffer more often than most people from a number of nasty genetic diseases, such as breast cancer. These facts , however, social effects, such as a strong tradition of valuing education. The latterwas seen as a consequence of genetic isolation .Dr.Cochran suggests that the inteligence and diseases are intimately linked. His argument is that the unusual history of these people has subjected them to unique evolutionary pressures that have reasulted in this paradoxical state of affairs.

[C] take advantage of social research on the experiences of colonists who migrated to colonial North America specifically to acquire land。


[B] Paying attention to details

  归因于社会影响 have been put down to social effects

Section Ⅱ Reading comprehension (50 points)

  引起了很大的争议:Arouse much controversy



Part A


[C] The colonists imitated the high culture of England, and did not develop a culture that was uniquely their own。


  1. The text suggests which of the following about the writers on management mentioned in line 1, paragraph 2?



  以前被认为是不相关的have previously been thought unrelated

  1. Which of the following statements about migrants to colonial North America is supported by information in the text?

  结构提示:that some diseases 是前面 the idea 的同位语从句,not previously thought to have a bacterial cause做后置定语修饰前面的diseases,主干是some diseases were actually infections.

Whatever the market does, try to take it in stride. You’re in for the long haul, so don’t worry about the market’s day-to-day gyrations. Relax and resist the temptation to monitor your first investment daily. Check in on your mutual funds once a month, and give your portfolio a thorough exam every 6 to 12 months. And consider adding to your fund each month. An automatic investment plan makes it a relatively painless process。

  Even he, however,might tremble at the thought of what he is about to do.


  使他们承受独特的进化力量have subjected them to unique evolutionary pressures

[B] identify a problem。

  由细菌引起的:Have a bacterial cause

[A] It is totally implausible。


18.[A] linked[B] integrated[C] woven[D] combined

  高度重视教育的传统a strong tradition of valuing education

Given the great uncertainty of many of the management issues that they face, senior managers often instigate a course of action simply to learn more about an issue. They then use the results of the action to develop a more complete understanding of the issue. One implication of thinking/acting cycles is that action is often part of defining the problem, not just of implementing the solution。

  Dr.Cochran suggests that the intelligence and diseases are intimately linked.

Isenberg's recent research on the cognitive processes of senior managers reveals that managers' intuition is neither of these. Rather, senior managers use intuition in at least five distinct ways. First, they intuitively sense when a problem exists. Second, managers rely on intuition to perform well-learned behavior patterns rapidly. This intuition is not arbitrary or irrational, but is based on years of painstaking practice and hands-on experience that build skills. A third function of intuition is to synthesize isolated bits of data and practice into an integrated picture, often in an Aha! experience. Fourth, some managers use intuition as a check on the results of more rational analysis. Most senior executives are familiar with the formal decision analysis models and tools, and those who use such systematic methods for reaching decisions are occasionally leery of solutions suggested by these methods which run counter to their sense of the correct course of action. Finally, managers can use intuition to bypass in-depth analysis and move rapidly to engender a plausible solution. Used in this way, intuition is an almost instantaneous cognitive process in which a manager recognizes familiar patterns。

  The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name. But Gregory Cochran is prepared to say it anyway. He is that rare bird, a secientist who works independently of any institution. He helped popularize tha idea that some diseases not previously thought to have a bacterail cause were actually infections ,which aroused much controversy when it was first suggested.

The majority of successful senior managers do not closely follow the classical rational model of first clarifying goals, assessing the problem, formulating options, estimating likelihoods of success, making a decision, and only then taking action to implement the decision. Rather, in their day-by-day tactical maneuvers, these senior executives rely on what is vaguely termed intuition to manage a network of interrelated problems that require them to deal with ambiguity, inconsistency, novelty, and surprise; and to integrate action into the process of thinking。


[C] Bailyn's description of the colonies as part of an Anglo-American empire is misleading and incorrect。


20.[A] paradoxical[B] incompatible[C] inevitable[D] continuous

  一想到……就害怕的身体颤抖:Tremble at the thought of

12.[A] missions[B] fortunes[C] interests[D] careers

  不依附于任何机构:Work indipendently of any institution

  1. The author of the text would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about Bailyn's work?

  被看做基因隔离的结果 be seen as a consequence of genetic isolation

Bailyn's third proposition suggest two general patterns prevailing among the many thousands of migrants: one group came as indentured servants, another came to acquire land. Surprisingly, Bailyn suggests that those who recruited indentured servants were the driving forces of transatlantic migration. These colonial entrepreneurs helped determine the social character of people who came to pre-industrial North America. At first, thousands of unskilled laborers were recruited; by the 1730's, however, American employers demanded skilled artisans。


house increases as houses are built up the hill.40. Which of the following phrases from the text best expresses the author’s conclusion about the

  He helped popularize the idea that some diseases not previously thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections , which aroused much controversy when it was first suggested.

[A] They have criticized managers for not following the classical rational model of decision analysis。

  矛盾的状态 paradoxical state of affairs

It is not easy to talk about the role of the mass media in this overwhelmingly significant phase in European history. History and news become confused, and one’s impressions tend to be a mixture of skepticism and optimism. Television is one of the means by which these feelings are created and conveyed -- and perhaps never before has it served so much to connect different peoples and nations as in the recent events in Europe. The Europe that is now forming cannot be anything other than its peoples, their cultures and national identities. With this in mind we can begin to analyze the European television scene. In Europe, as elsewhere, multi-media groups have been increasingly successful: groups which bring together television, radio, newspapers, magazines and publishing houses that work in relation to one another. One Italian example would be the Berlusconi group, while abroad Maxwell and Murdoch come to mind。



  不敢公开:Dare not speak its name

  1. The primary purpose of the text is to [A] discuss the place of Coltrane in the world of jazz and describe his musical explorations. [B] examine the nature of bebop and contrast it with improvisational jazz. [C] analyze the musical sources of Coltrane’s style and their influence on his work. [D] acknowledge the influence of Coltrane’s music on rock music and rock musicians。

  2. Which of the following best describes the organization of the fourth paragraph? [A] A thesis referred to earlier in the text is mentioned and illustrated with three specific examples. [B] A thesis is stated and three examples are given each suggesting that a correction needs to be


17.[A] development[B] origin[C] consequence[D] instrument

  密切相关 be intimately linked

2.[A] unique[B] particular[C] special[D] rare

  帮助普及该观点:Help popularize the idea

[D] It is controversial though persuasive。

  与众不同,出类拔萃的人:Rare bird

Section Ⅳ Writing


he, however, might tremble at the of what he is about to do. Together with another two scientists, he is publishing a paper which not only that one group of humanity is more intelligent than the others, but explains the process that has brought this about. The group in are a particular people originated from central Europe. The process is natural selection。

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use "Li Ming" instead。

7.[A] advises[B] suggests[C] protests[D] objects


Eating better. Exercising. Investing. There are a lot of things you know should be doing. The problem is that getting started always seems to be the hardest part. For many investors, mutual funds are a good way to go, but trying to sort through the number of available choices – now more than 10,000 – makes this important task appear overwhelming. Let’s look at some ways to cut that number down to a reasonable size, as well as other factors to consider when selecting your first fund。



Moreover, the integration of the European community will oblige television companies to cooperate more closely in terms of both production and distribution。

The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name. But Gregory Cochran is to say it anyway. He is that bird, a scientist who works independently any institution. He helped popularize the idea that some diseases not thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections, which aroused much controversy when it was first suggested。

4.[A] subsequently[B] presently[C] previously[D] lately

[A] Managers who rely on intuition are more successful than those who rely on formal decision analysis。

[A] Watching related expenses and making wise choice

selectively neutral? [D] How do the eyes in flatfish migrate?39. Which of the following is most clearly similar to a cline as it is described in the second

3.[A] of[B] with[C] in[D] against

[B] Bailyn overemphasizes the economic dependence of the colonies on Great Britain。

  1. In terms of its tone and form, the text can best be characterized as [A] dogmatic explanation. [B] indignant denial. [C] enthusiastic praise. [D] speculative study。

[C] indefinitely[D] unaccountably

[A] Manager X analyzes first and then acts; Manager Y does not。

13.[A] affirm[B] witness[C] observe[D] approve

meaning of the difference between left-eyed and right-eyed flatfish?[A] “Most striking” (line 3, paragraph 1)[B] “variation is adaptive” (line 2, paragraph 2)[C] “mechanically disadvantageous” (line 7, paragraph 3)[D] “evolutionary red herring” (line 9, paragraph 4)

Section Ⅲ Translation


Three recordings illustrate Coltrane’s energizing explorations. Recording Kind of Blue with Miles Davis, Coltrane found himself outside bop, exploring modal melodies. Here he played surging, lengthy solos built largely around repeated motifs — an organizing principle unlike that of free jazz saxophone player Ornette Coleman, who modulated or altered melodies in his solos. On Giant Steps, Coltrane debuted as leader, introducing his own compositions. Here the sheets of sound, downbeat accents, repetitions, and great speed are part of each solo, and the variety of the shapes of his phrases is unique. Coltrane’s searching explorations produced solid achievement. My Favorite Things was another kind of watershed. Here Coltrane played the soprano saxophone, an instrument seldom used by jazz musicians. Musically, the results were astounding. With the soprano’s piping sound, ideas that had sounded dark and brooding acquired a feeling of giddy fantasy。

In this part, you are asked to write a composition according to the information below. You should write more than 150 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (15 points)

[A] speed up of the creation of a solution to a problem。

Read the following four passages. Answer the questions below each passage by choosing A, B, C and D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (40 points)

[A] High culture in New England never equaled the high culture of England。

  1. It can be inferred from the text that which of the following would most probably be one major difference in behavior between Manager X, who uses intuition to reach decisions, and Manager Y, who uses only formal decision analysis?

[B] Migrants who came to the colonies as indentured servants were more successful at making a livelihood than were farmers and artisans。

[A] A larger percentage of migrants to colonial North America came as indentured servants than as free agents interested in acquiring land。


[A] Bailyn underestimates the effects of Puritan thought on North American culture。

[B] Managers cannot justify their intuitive decisions。

In this section there is a paragraph in English .Translate it into Chinese and write your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2. (15 points)

[C] They have relied in drawing their conclusions on what managers say rather than on what managers do。

[D] Manager Y draws on years of hands-on experience in creating a solution to a problem; Manager X does not。

14.[A] moreover[B] therefore[C] however[D] meanwhile

  1. Which of the following best summarizes the author's evaluation of Bailyn's fourth proposition?
  1. The author of the text states that Bailyn failed to

10.[A] normal[B] common[C] mean[D] total

[D] They have misunderstood how managers use intuition in making business decisions。

[A] give sufficient emphasis to the cultural and political interdependence of the colonies and England。